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Communication Milestones

Communication Milestones

Each child develops uniquely, however thanks to researchers, we know that typical speech and language development follows a predictable progression.

At 12 months, children can usually.

Recognise their name.

Make eye contact.

Understand approximately 20 words.

Understand the names of familiar objects and people.

Recognise greetings and gestures e.g. ’hi’ and ‘bye-bye’.

Start to use sounds, gestures and say a few words.

Copy different sounds and noises.

By 18 months, children can usually.

Point to some body parts.

Understand simple instruction e.g. ‘Throw the ball’.

Say 20 single words.

Copy lots words and noises.

By 2 years old, children can usually.

Understand and follow simple two part instructions e.g. ‘Put the ball and book in the box’.

Respond to simple wh-questions, such as ‘what’ and ‘where’.

Point to several body parts and pictures in books when named.

Say approximately 50 words.

Use 2-3 word phrase to communicate.

By 3 years old, children can usually:

Follow more complex two part instructions e.g. ‘Put the car away and sit down’.

Understand simple wh-questions, such as ‘what’, ‘where’ and ‘who’.

Has approximately 1000 words in their vocabulary.

Use 4-5 word sentences to communicate.

Ask questions and telling stories.

Have a conversation, but may not take turns or stay on topic.

Can produce the following sounds in speech: f, v, h, y, w, ng, m, n, p, b, k, g, t and d.

By 4 years old, children can usually:

Follow longer and more complex instructions.

Understand a variety of concepts, such as ‘same’ and ‘different’.

Has a large vocabulary with over 1500 words.

Can answer a variety of questions e.g. ‘who’, ‘what’, ‘where’, ‘when’, ‘how’ and ‘why’.

Can recount a recent experience, such as morning routines.

Can recognise their own name and try to write or copy it.

Can produce the following sounds in speech: j, l, sh and ch.

By 5 years old, children can usually:

Understand time related words e.g. ‘before’, ‘after’, ‘now’ and ‘later’.

Start thinking about the meaning of words when learning.

Use well formed sentences to be understood by most people.

Take turns in increasingly longer conversations.

Tell simple, short stories with beginning, middle and end.

Use past and future verbs correctly e.g. ‘went’ and ‘will go’.

Can produce the following sounds in speech: s,z, r and th.

Don’t ‘wait and see’

If you have any concerns about your child’s communication, get in touch here. Research shows that children who receive early intervention have better outcome than children who commence services when they are older.

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202/109 Alexander St, Crows Nest 2065 NSW

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